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Deconstructing Dinner – Organic (?) Salmon & Food Co-ops

July 27, 2009

July 16, 2009

“NORWAY, BRITISH COLUMBIA V (“ORGANIC” SALMON?) / CO-OPERATIVES: ALTERNATIVES TO INDUSTRIAL FOOD VI”

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Norway, British Columbia V (“Organic” Salmon?)
The presence of open net-cage salmon farms are an ongoing and contentious debate off the coast of British Columbia and around the world where such farms exist. Norway, Chile, Scotland and Canada are some of the most notable locations for these controversial operations.

By all accounts these farms are industrial factory farms with many of the sites in Canada being home to half a million fish in a surface area no larger than a football field. The farms interact directly with the marine environment raising concerns over their concentrated accumulations of waste, disease and parasite transfer between the cultured and wild fish, animal welfare concerns, and the list goes on.

So when salmon eaters around the world are slowly being introduced to salmon labelled as “organic”, we certainly need to inquire into what exactly that means? Salmon after all are most commonly recognized as a wild food… and is wild food not as organic as any?

Co-operatives: Alternatives to Industrial Food VI
This edition of our ongoing series on the co-operative model features a production produced by New York City’s Christine Black titled “Will Work for Food – the Park Slope Food Co-op”. The Co-op is one of the last remaining member-run food cooperatives in the United States and Christine’s half-hour production appeared on Pacifica Radio’s weekly radio show Sprouts – Radio From the Grassroots.

Guests

Shauna MacKinnonmarkets campaigner, Living Oceans Society (Vancouver, BC) – Before earning her Masters in Geography at the University of Guelph, Shauna worked on salmon farming issues for a New York City foundation, which later led to work developing funding strategies for small B.C. NGOs. Her research and work interests have focused on the economic development opportunities that are being created through more local and organic food systems. In her current position Shauna works with retailers and the public to bring attention to how our food choices really can make a difference.


Musical Selection (name/title/album/label)
Theme/Soundclip – Adham Shaikh, Infusion, Fusion, Sonic Turtle (CDN)

Norway, BC series
Check out the series page


Articles/Reports

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July 9, 2009

“NORWAY, BRITISH COLUMBIA IV (FARMING ATLANTIC SALMON IN THE PACIFIC)”

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In October 2008, host Jon Steinman spoke with wildlife biologist Alexandra Morton who was in the midst of taking the Province of British Columbia and Marine Harvest Canada to B.C. Supreme Court. Morton was challenging the ongoing regulation of the industry by the Province, arguing that the Province is not constitutionally permitted to do so. Instead, it was argued that the Federal government is responsible for regulating salmon farms.

Justice Christopher Hinkson came to his decision on February 9, 2009. Morton was victorious. Deconstructing Dinner invites Morton back onto the show to share the outcomes of that decision and what has transpired since then. Also lending their thoughts to the B.C. Supreme Court decision is Otto Langer – a former federal Department of Fisheries and Oceans (DFO) biologist who applauds the decision but remains highly skeptical of the DFO’s capability to now manage the farmed salmon fishery.

The episode also examines a perplexing letter sent to Deconstructing Dinner not long after our January 2009 episodes. As part of those January episodes, Deconstructing Dinner shared recordings from our October 2008 tour of a salmon farm site and hatchery owned by Marine Harvest – the largest salmon farming company in the world. It appears the company was not happy with those broadcasts and subsequently sent a letter to us outlining a number of rather odd requests.

Guests/Voices

Otto Langerformer Biologist, Department of Fisheries and Oceans Canada (DFO) (Richmond, BC) – Otto is a 32-year veteran of the Department of Fisheries and Oceans Canada who quit his job in 2001 after becoming unhappy with the direction the department was heading. He then became the Director of the Marine Conservation Program for the David Suzuki Foundation and one of DFO�s most outspoken critics. Otto is now retired. He is considered one of Canada�s leading authorities on the issue of open net cage salmon farming. Otto also authored a chapter in the book, “Stain Upon the Sea: The Battle for the West Coast Salmon Fishery” (2001).

Alexandra MortonScientist/Researcher, Raincoast Research Society (Echo Bay, BC) – While studying orca whales up until the 1990s, Alexandra watched as the salmon farming industry appeared in the Broughton Archipelago where she calls home. As she observed the arrival of industrial salmon farms, the whales she studied disappeared. She believed the cause was salmon farms, and when 10,000 pages of letters to all levels of government failed to elicit meaningful response, Alexandra realized that she would have to scientifically prove that salmon farming had driven out the whales and caused epidemic outbreaks of bacteria, viral and parasitic infections in wild salmon. By partnering with international scientists and in some cases commercial fishermen, Alexandra has documented the loss of the whales, thousands of escaped farm salmon, lethal outbreaks of sea lice, and antibiotic resistance near salmon farms.

Bill HarrowerManager of Regional Operations for Aquaculture Development, Province of British Columbia, Ministry of Agriculture and Lands – (Courtenay, BC) Aquaculture is a significant contributor to the provincial economy, and most aquaculture jobs are located in coastal communities. Farmed salmon is B.C.’s largest agricultural export product. Bill Harrower has worked with the Department since the 1980s.

Barb AddisonManager, Big Tree Creek Hatchery, Marine Harvest Canada (Sayward, BC) – Big Tree Creek is one of five hatcheries currently being managed by the company. It’s in the process of a $3-million expansion.


Musical Selection (name/title/album/label)
Theme/Soundclip – Adham Shaikh, Infusion, Fusion, Sonic Turtle (CDN)

Norway, BC series
Check out the series page


Sign Alexandra Morton’s Letter


Letters

Articles/Reports

Related Broadcasts

Videos

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